Interested in the largest volcanoes in the world? Look no further! In this post, we’ll explore the five biggest volcanoes on Earth. Each one is impressive in its own way, and they’re all worth checking out. So if you’re looking for an exciting adventure, be sure to check out these massive volcanoes!
5 Largest Volcano In The World
Volcanoes are one of Nature’s most awe-inspiring phenomena. There is something about their destructive power, combined with their almost graceful form, that captures the human imagination. So today, let’s take a look at five of the largest volcanoes on Earth. In no particular order…
5. Llullaillaco – Chile/Argentina
Llullaillaco, located in the Andes Mountains of the Puna de Atacama region between Chile and Argentina, is another of the highest active volcanoes in the world. This region is known for its tall volcanic peaks and high plateaus and is located just east of the Atacama Desert.
Llullaillaco is the second-highest active volcano in the world and is relatively young (only 150,000 years old) compared to some of the other volcanoes on our list. Llullaillaco was created when an older volcano collapsed and was joined by avalanche debris.
Even though at least two explosive eruptions were documented as recently as the late 1800s, Llullaillaco’s past is much darker than that. Three Inca children’s remains were discovered in 2003 at the volcano’s summit; they are thought to be the remains of over 500 years’ worth of human sacrifice. These remains have been very well preserved and have helped researchers learn more about the ancient Incan religion and culture because of the subzero temperatures at the volcano’s summit.
4. La Garita Caldera – Colorado, USA
La Garita Caldera, a sizable supervolcano that is located in the San Juan Mountains not far from the Colorado town of Crede, was created by one of the biggest known eruptions in Earth’s history millions of years ago.
Supervolcanoes, like La Garita, are formed when magma from the mantle rises into the crust but is unable to pass through a vent or fissure. As a result, there is extreme pressure and a buildup of magma, which eventually erupts violently. Although La Garita Caldera is not the world’s tallest or widest volcano, it is undoubtedly one of the largest in terms of eruptions.
The most famous of these explosions took place around 1.5 million years ago, and they left behind otherworldly geological structures that are still visible in the area around Crede today. The Fish Canyon Tuff, which has a massive volume of 1,200 cubic miles, is the most notable of these structures. La Garita has been the cause of seven additional significant eruptions since that explosion. Fortunately for the locals, this supervolcano is now thought to be extinct and no longer poses a threat of exploding.
3. Nevado Ojos del Salado – Chile/Argentina
The Ojos del Salado volcano, which lies on the border of Chile and Argentina, is the highest active volcano in the world. The volcano rises about 22,600 feet above sea level and is a part of the Andes Mountain range.
The Ojos del Salado volcano is still regarded as active despite the fact that it hasn’t erupted in tens of thousands of years. There are craters, pyroclastic cones, and lava domes in the volcano’s caldera, and in 1993, locals reported gas and ash emissions (though this was never confirmed by a volcanologist).
Adventurers from all over the world climb to the top of Nevado Ojos del Salado, the second-highest mountain in both the western and southern hemispheres, for both the bragging rights and the breathtaking views. To complete the climb with a guide, it typically takes about 15 days to reach the summit, which is no small feat.
2. Mauna Kea – Hawaii
The enormous Mauna Kea, which is on Hawaii’s Big Island, once held the record for the world’s largest volcano before Tamu Massif dethroned it. Even so, Tamu Massif is much less likely to catch your eye than Mauna Kea, the world’s largest volcano above water.
When height is taken into account, Mauna Kea dwarfs Tamu Massif in terms of size; from base to summit, this Hawaiian volcano rises more than 33,000 feet. Although the base actually lies about 20,000 feet below sea level, the elevation of almost 14,000 feet is still impressive. Contrary to popular belief, the volcano’s summit is covered in snow, and an observatory at its summit is located above 40% of the earth’s atmosphere.
Because the volcano is dormant (though not extinct), travelers can actually ascend to its summit. It is advised to go with a tour guide so they can help you acclimate to the changes in the atmosphere as you climb because this is not for the faint of heart. Even snowboarding down the volcano is an option for the truly daring!
1. Tamu Massif – Pacific Ocean
When it comes to size, Tamu Massif, which is located about 1,000 miles east of Japan, is the largest volcano on Earth (or in the entire solar system, for that matter). Tamu Massif, a massive shield volcano, was previously believed to be a volcanic complex with numerous vents, but in 2013, scientists discovered that Tamu Massif is actually a single volcano.
It is roughly the size of New Mexico and has a surface area of 120,000 square feet, but there are a few good reasons why scientists have been unable to locate this enormous volcano for a long time. For starters, the Tamu Massif lacks any towering peaks or pointed summits, and its summit is actually 6,500 feet below sea level. Its remoteness in the northwest Pacific made it challenging to gather data from, and when it was first found, it was believed to have multiple distinct lava flows rather than a single source.
Tamu Massif won’t be erupting any new lava flows any time soon because it has been extinct for millions of years. Even so, barring the discovery of an even bigger underwater volcano, it is the largest volcano in the world. After all, until 2013, we knew more about Tamu Massif than we did about the volcanoes on Mars!
What Are Volcanoes?
Volcanoes are mountains, but they are much more than that. They are mountains that have the potential to erupt, and when they do, they can cause devastation for miles around. Volcanoes are formed when molten rock, ash, and gas escape from the earth’s surface. The molten rock, called magma, is heated by the earth’s heat. This can happen when the tectonic plates shift and allow magma to escape, or when a pocket of magma is formed beneath the earth’s surface. When the pressure gets too high, the magma can break through the earth’s surface in a volcanic eruption.
Volcanic eruptions can be catastrophic. The lava and ash can destroy everything in its path, and the gas and fumes can be deadly. Volcanoes can also cause mudslides, flash floods, and wildfires. And if the eruption is big enough, it can even alter the climate.
Despite all of the dangers, volcanoes are an important part of the Earth’s geology. They help to create new land, and their eruptions can release pollutants that have been trapped in the earth’s crust. Additionally, the minerals and heat from volcanic eruptions can be harnessed for energy production.
How Are Volcanoes Made?
Volcanoes are formed when hot molten rock (magma) and ash escape from an opening in the Earth’s surface. The molten rock and ash become solid as they cool, forming a volcano.
There are three main types of volcanoes: cinder cone, shield, and composite. Cinder cones are the simplest type of volcano. They are built from small pieces of cooled lava called cinders. Shield volcanoes are large and gentle-sloping. They are made from fluid lava flows. Composite volcanoes are a mix of cinder cone and shield volcanoes. They have steep sides with a crater at the top.
Volcanoes can be active, dormant, or extinct. Active volcanoes have erupted recently and are likely to erupt again. Dormant volcanoes have not erupted in many years but could erupt again. Extinct volcanoes will never erupt again.
What Are The Largest Volcano Eruption In Human History?
The largest volcano eruption in human history is the one that took place on the island of Thera in the Aegean Sea in 1628 BC. The eruption was so large that it destroyed the entire island and its surrounding civilization. The death toll from the eruption is estimated to be around 30,000 people. It is also believed to have caused a tsunami that devastated the nearby coast of Crete.
The second largest volcano eruption in human history occurred at Mount Tambora in Indonesia in 1815. This eruption was even larger than the one at Thera, and it is estimated to have killed around 100,000 people. The resulting volcanic ash cloud covered the entire globe, causing global cooling and widespread crop failures.
The third largest volcano eruption in human history took place at Krakatoa in Indonesia in 1883. This eruption was so large that it killed more than 36,000 people and destroyed two-thirds of the island of Krakatoa. The resulting volcanic ash cloud covered an area of more than 20,000 square kilometers and caused widespread damage to the environment.
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